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HOME>>커뮤니티>>세미나/콜로퀴엄

세미나/콜로퀴엄


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글제목 :     콜로퀴움) First-principles calculations; a powerful tool to study materials from physics to materials sc
일시 :     2019년 6월 5일(수) 오후 5:00
장소 :     제1과학관 206호
연사 :     김수란교수(경북대학교 물리교육과)
 


□ 제목: First-principles calculations; a powerful tool to study materials from physics to materials science

□ 연사: 김수란교수(경북대학교 물리교육과)

□ 일시: 2019년 6월 5일(수) 오후 5:00

□ 장소: 제1과학관 206호

□ 요약: Density functional theory (DFT) is a popular quantum method for fundamental physics and industrial applications. Using first-principles calculations based on DFT, when we know the information of a crystal structure, the properties of the crystal can be obtained without any empirical parameters. It makes DFT be a powerful tool in modern solid-state physics and computational materials science. As examples, in this talk, I will present my recent work on high Tc superconductivity and battery cathode materials. For copper-based superconductors, the maximum superconducting transition temperature Tc,max of different families measured from experiment can vary from 38 K in La2CuO4 to 135 K in HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8 at the optimal hole doping concentration. We demonstrate, using first-principles calculations, a new trend suggesting that the cuprates with stronger out-of-CuO2-plane chemical bonding between the apical anion (O,Cl) and apical cation (e.g.,La,Hg,Bi,Tl) are generally correlated with higher Tc,max in experiments. We then show the underlying fundamental phenomena of coupled apical charge flux and lattice dynamics when the apical oxygen oscillates vertically. The effect not only dynamically modulates the site energy of the hole at a given Cu site to control the in-plane charge transfer energy, but also can modulate the in-plane hole hopping integral simultaneously in a dynamic way by the cooperative apical charge fluxes. I will introduce research on battery materials as the second part of my talk. Recently, Cu element has been introduced into layered sodium transition metal oxides (NaxTMO2) as cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries to engineer rate and cycling performance. I will introduce our studies on P2-type NaxTMO2 cathodes for a better high voltage performance combining the first principle calculations and experiments. Especially, we focus on Cu element and study the unique role provided by Cu in NaxTMO2. We observed the P2 to O2-like phase transition of MnFeCu-based materials upon charging and studied its influence on battery performance. We show that different Na diffusivity and site preference in the high voltage phase contribute to the difference in the electrochemical performances of these cathode materials.

☞ 학생들의 많은 참여 바랍니다(누구나 참석 가능).

 
 
 
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Kyungpook National University Department of Physics
#702-701 대구광역시 북구 산격동 1370번지 경북대학교 자연과학대학 물리학과 / Tel. 053-950-5316 / Fax. 053-952-1739 Copyrights 2011 KNU Department of Physics. All rights reserved. Designed by DMAX
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